AskDefine | Define resection

Dictionary Definition

resection n : surgical removal of part of a structure or organ

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. The surgical excision of part of a tissue
  2. A method of finding one's position by using a map and compass

Extensive Definition

Resection has multiple meanings:
The determination of the location of a point: the establishment of the location of a point when surveying by sighting from that unknown point two or more other points whose locations are known positions.
Resectioning involves enlarging the cross-section of a river channel by deepening or widening the river to increase its hydraulic efficiency. This allows a larger discharge to be contained within the channel. Dredging is used to remove surplus sediment from the river bed and vegetation clearance is used to remove it from the bed and banks.
In medicine, it means removal by cutting.

Orientation and surveying

Resection is a method of orientation (direction or position finding) using a compass and topographic map.
In surveying the resection method makes it possible to find the position of an unknown target by measuring its position relative to three (or more) known stations. The geometric strength of the used station positions will affect the precision and accuracy of the outcome. The most common methods of computing the coordinates of a point by resection are Cassinis Method and the Tienstra formula, though the first known solution was given by Willebrord Snellius.
The unknown point is established by measuring the angles subtended by lines of sight from the new point to a minimum of three known (coordinated) points. In geodetic operations the observations are adjusted for spherical excess and projection variations.
Magnetic bearings are observed on the ground from the point under location to three or more features shown on a map of the area. Lines of reverse bearings are then drawn on the map from the features; two lines indicate the location of the observed point at the intersection, and three and more lines provide the resection point. The difference between the magnetic bearing observed and grid bearings of the map needs to be taken into account. This is a simple and quick method requiring an inexpensive magnetic compass, with application in navigation.
Precise angular measurements between lines from the point under location using theodolites provides more accurate results, with trig beacons erected on high points and hills to enable quick and unambiguous sights to known points.

Surgery

Resection in surgery means the removal of part of an organ or structure.

External links

resection in German: Rückwärtsschnitt
resection in Dutch: Achterwaartse insnijding
resection in Polish: Resekcja
resection in Turkish: Rezeksiyon

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abscission, amputation, anastomotic operation, bloodless operation, butchering, capital operation, chopping, cleavage, compensating operation, corneal transplant, crescent operation, cutting, dichotomy, elective operation, emergency operation, enucleation, excision, exploratory operation, fenestration operation, fission, heart transplant, interval operation, kidney transplant, laceration, major operation, minor operation, mutilation, operation, organ transplant, organ transplantation, palliative operation, radical operation, removal, rending, ripping, scission, section, severance, slashing, slicing, splitting, surgery, surgical intervention, surgical operation, surgical technique, tearing, the knife, transplant
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